Read Write Inclusive Teaching programme (RWInc/RWI)
At Salisbury Road we are passionate about reading and the teaching of reading begins with RWI, a synthetic phonics programme, which starts in Foundation and continues into Year 1 and Year 2.
Children are assessed and grouped every 6 weeks and this ensures they are reading books that match their phonics ability. Children will work in small groups with a Teacher or Teaching Assistant. All staff delivering RWI have been fully trained in the effective teaching of Read Write Inc.
Below are the Set 1 sounds, they are taught in the following order:
m a s d t i n p g o c k u b f e l h sh r j v y w th z ch qu x ng nk
When teaching your child phonics, we will use the term 'speed sounds', these are the pure sounds for each letter.
Your child will learn a new speed sound, called a every day. A phoneme is Read Write Inc teaches pure sounds and removes the 'uh' sound from phonemes, i.e. when sounding 'n' the children will stretch the pure sound nnnnn, rather than saying 'n uh'
Each phoneme in Set 1 is accompanied by a handwriting rhyme which helps them to remember how to form the letter shape when writing it.
For example, if your child was learning the phoneme (sound) ‘a’, they would also learn the rhyme ’round the apple and down the leaf’ when they start to write their letter.
As your child learns each sound (phoneme), they are taught how to blend the sounds together to read real words, called ‘green words’ as well as nonsense words.
Green words are words that can be sounded out and blended like ‘dog’, ‘cat’.
Nonsense words are words that are not real but help to assess whether your child has secured their identification of the sounds in words as well as their ability to blend them.
At school we use a puppet called Fred who can only speak in sounds, not whole words. We call this Fred Talk.
For example, Fred would say d-o-g, we would say dog. Your child is taught to hear or say the sounds and blend them together in sequence to make a word.
Ditties and RWInc. Story books
As your child gains confidence in sounding and blending they will apply their phonic knowledge to reading Ditties, short sentences, moving into reading Red, Green and Purple story books as they progress.
Having gained confidence sounding and blending green words, your child will be taught about ‘red' words. These words are tricky words that contain spelling patterns that do not follow the phonetic rules and so the word cannot be fully sounded out, for example, words like 'said' and ‘was’. They will learn why these words are tricky and identify the 'tricky letters'
As your child progresses through Foundation and KS1 (Year 1 and Year 2), they will learn a wide variety of 'red' words and be encouraged to read these speedily as they become more confident.
Below are the Set 2 sounds, they are taught in the following order:
ay ee igh ow oo oo ar or air ir ou oy
Once your child has secured the Set 1 Sounds, they will begin learning the Set 2 Sounds. Set 2 speed sounds are either digraphs or trigraphs.
Digraphs are 2 letters that make 1 sound – like ‘ay’ in play.
Trigraphs are 3 letters that make 1 sound – like ‘igh’ in light.
These types of sounds are called ‘special friends’ and the children are taught to spot the special friends in the words they read to help them sound and blend them accurately.
Set 2 Sounds are taught alongside a spelling element to develop their ability to segment and write words. They use their ‘Fred Fingers’ to help them to do this.
RWInc. Story books
Your child will continue reading RWI story books in their daily sessions to apply their growing phonics knowledge. These books are progressive and match their phonics ability.
Below are the Set 3 sounds, they are taught in the following order:
ea oi a-e i-e o-e u-e aw are ur er ow ai oa ew ire ear ure
Set 3 sounds are taught in the same way as Set 2 sounds. However, there is a new type of sound introduced – a split digraph.
A split digraph is
Children will learn the English alphabetic code: the 150+ graphemes that represent 44 speech sounds. The programme is engaging for older readers and children experience success from the very beginning. Exciting stories and non-fiction texts are both age appropriate and closely matched to their increasing knowledge of phonics and ‘tricky’ words and as students re-read the texts, their fluency increases, and so does their ability to comprehend the text.
Reading at Home – RWInc. Phonics Book Bag Books
All children accessing RWI across the school will bring home a RWI phonics book matched to their current phonics ability. Reading these books regularly, as well as re-reading the books will support their reading immeasurably. The books are fully decodable and support their Read Write Inc. Phonics learning in the classroom. All Book Bag Books include notes for parents and carers on how to help their child at home with phonics.
How does it work? Well let's ask the children ...
"Every day we read and write with our partners using our Fred pointers!"
"We start the day by learning a new phoneme - this is the sound made by a letter or group of letters."
"We then move onto our speed sounds - this is practising reading every phoneme we have learnt so far, at speed."
"Then we work out our green words with our partner - these are the words that can be blended (sounded out)."
"We always try to apply our phonics in our writing tasks!"
If you would like to find out more about Read Write Inc then contact Miss Hughes - she is our Read Write Inc. Manager.
Online RWInc Speed Sounds sessions at Salisbury Road Primary